Introduction to farm animals, their breeds and brief history of their origin. Modern production, management and health practices especially with respect to cattle, small ruminants (sheep and goats), swine, poultry and rabbits. Constraints to commercial production and concept of health maintenance in farm animals.
This course is designed to introduce students to the basic concept of Biochemistry as a discipline. Foundational topics such as the definition and scope of Biochemistry, cell, acidity and alkalinity and the properties and biological functions of the major biomolecules (carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids) will be covered. This course is important for students of Biochemistry, other biological sciences, agricultural sciences and Chemistry.
This course introduces the students to General Biology as a whole. The scope of Biology and its place in human welfare including characteristics of life, concepts in Biology, topical issues in Biology and career opportunities. Diversity and classification of living things. Cell structure and organization; functions of cellular organelles; diversity, general reproduction, interrelationship of organisms, heredity and evolution. Elements of ecology and types of habitat. Differences between plants and animals. Variation and life cycles of plants to include non-vascular plants like algae, fungi, bacteria, viruses, bryophytes and pteridophytes. Varieties and forms, life cycles and functions of flowering plants.
This course is explanatory and designed primarily for 100level students in biological sciences, agricultural sciences, environmental sciences and computer sciences. It introduces the students to adaptation, ecology and evolution of different groups of animals. Topics to be covered include a generalized survey of the animal kingdom based mainly on the study of similarities and differences in external features; ecological adaptation of animals; structural, functional and evolutionary study of protozoans, coelenterates, platyhelminthes, nematodes, annelids, arthropods, echinoderms and molluscs; evolutionary sequence in the form and functions of protochordates and various classes of vertebrates; introduction to ecology to include simple ecological facts in terrestrial and aquatic habitats and their relationship between an organism and its environment.
Atoms, atomic structures, atomic theory, aufbau method, Hundâ€™s rule, Pauli Exclusion principles, atomic spectra, molecules and chemical reaction, energetics, chemical equation and stoichiometry, atomic Structure and; Modern electronic theory of atoms; Radioactivity; Chemical kinetics, collision theory, Kinetic theory of gases, solution, solubility and solubility product. Electro chemistry, electrode potential, half-cell equation.
Historical survey of the development and importance of organic chemistry, nomenclature and classes of organic and purification of organics compounds; qualitative and quantitative organic chemistry; stereo chemistry; determination of structure of organic compounds; Electronic theory in organic chemistry; saturated hydrocarbons; alkanes. Unsaturated hydrocarbons; alkenes, alkynes and aromatics. Functional group; carbonyls, halides, carboxylic acids and hydroxyl. Periodic table and periodic properties; periodic law. Moseleyâ€™s law, Valence Forces; structure of Solids; molecular and ionic forces. The Chemistry of selected metals and non- metals Quantitative analysis.
This course is an important course for the chemistry students, it is meant to expose the student to the interesting chemistry of carbon in organic chemistry. The topics to cover include: Carbon in Organic chemistry, the concept of hybridization, structures and shapes of organic compounds, factors affecting organic reactions, bond breaking during organic reactions, types of reactions simple treatments of functional groups and analysis to identify functional groups.
Importance and scope of agriculture. Land and its uses with particular reference to agriculture. Introductory crop production. Agricultural ecology of Nigeria. Agronomy of some arable crops. Land preparation. Harvesting, processing and reservation method. Farm tools and machinery including tractor driving and by-products. Basic farm management techniques. Fisheries and wildlife production. Forest products. General introduction to livestock production and health.
This course is an exploratory, first course in wildlife production and utilisation designed primarily for students in ecotourism and wildlife and allied disciplines. It is a course that provides hands-on training in the ranching and domestication of wildlife species particularly ungulates and rodents as well as processing of hides and skins for leather industries. As a practical course, the focus is to impart useful skills on the students in order to enhance their self reliance and prepare them for other specialised applications to be encountered at higher levels. Topics to be covered include wildlife production systems; game ranching with emphasis on establishment of a ranch for ungulates; wildlife domestication; assessment of the characteristic features that make wildlife fit for various forms of utilisation; production of hides and skin.
This course is structure in order to equip the students with the skills and techniques involve in the designing of paths and routes linking ecotourism facilities. This course will also afford the students with opportunity to know how the impacts of ecotourism on the ecosystem can be assessed. Accessibility with compatibility of the ecotourism facilities will be achieved through in depth knowledge of the techniques involve in proper planning of tourist facilities. Other topics that will be covered include waste management and maintenance of tourist facilities is considered to have negative impacts on the tourist activities. Assessment of rate of movement of tourists in and out of the preserved areas. Assessment of tourist population on the flora and fauna resources of the reserve; this involves checking level of damages done to various species of flora and fauna resource during the period of tourist visit. Effects of tourist services on introduction of diseases and parasites into the parks. Assessment of impact on park infrastructural facilities.
This course is designed to review the global food situation with emphasis on Nigeria. Students will be introduced to foods of plant and animal origin and their micro flora. The proximate composition and some natural chemical constituents of foods, the nutritional status of different foods, basic physical, chemical and biological principles of food processing and preservation will be looked into. They will also be taught engineering units and dimensions applicable to the food industry and the use of flow charts, equations and stoichiometry.
This course is designed to broaden studentsâ€™ knowledge about the forest as a renewable natural resource. It topics on the features of the forest ecosystem, the distribution of the forest in Nigeria, classification of forest resources, important indigenous tree species, characteristics of the tropical forest, importance of the forest, meaning of forestry, silviculture, plantation forestry, natural forest; deforestation; land use problems in the tropics. The agroforestry aspect shall include: concept of agroforestry; historic developments and socio-economic rationale of agroforestry; agroforestry systems and practices; classification of agroforestry systems; multidisciplinary approach to land- use; sustainability and adaptability criteria; biological and economic considerations.
This course is designed to trained students on how to carry out the survey of forest lands using some simple survey equipment such as compass, chain, poles, arrows, field books, optical instruments etc and simple construction surveying for rural applications. The students are practically exposed to various survey equipments and how to handle them. Students are also trained on how to produce the map of an area that has been surveyed, closing of errors in maps and computation of land areas from a map using different methods. Some of the topics to be covered include procedures in ground survey and ground survey instruments. Chain surveying (open and close traversing) and triangulation, Obstacles in chain survey, how to overcome them and the various sources of errors during survey exercise. Others are Compass survey: function, limitations and use during survey exercise and sources of errors, plotting of survey maps, plans and methods of area calculations, lettering and conventional signs, levelling and contours, plane tabling, the Theodolite: uses in tachiometry and Forest road alignment.
The course is designed to teach students in Forestry and general agriculture to acquire knowledge on the principles that relates to tree growth and productivity. The contents of the course include introduction to the problems of raising tree crops; application of ecological principles for establishment and maintenance of tree plantation; tree seed collection and processing; seed testing, pre-treatment and storage; photosynthesis; water uptake and loss in a tree; nutrient cycling in forest ecosystem; principles underlying choice of species; species and provenance trials.
Forest measurement is essential for taking management decision and planning. This course is designed to trained students on how to carry out some basic measurement in the forest, estimation of forest yield (basal area, volume and biomass estimation per unit area). Students are adequately taught the use of the various equipments for measurement in the forest. Such equipments are Girth/Diameter tape, Caliper, bark gauge, simple hypsometer, Haga altimeter, Spiegel relaskop, etc. The students are practically exposed to these equipments and how to handle them. Students are also trained on the management of forest resources for sustainable production with the knowledge of tree growth and increment. Some of the topics to be covered include fundamentals of resource inventory and mensuration, theory of tree measurements (diameter, height, back thickness, crown depth & width etc) and tree measurementâ€™s Instruments, taper and form, tree and stand volume estimation methods, volume equations. Concepts of growth, increment of trees and stands. Stand table projection; volume tables and yeild tables, growth and yield equations/modelling, concept of stand structure, stand density and stocking, site quality assessment and site index and tree biomass estimation.
Sources and types of wood, macroscopic and microscopic characteristics of wood; including cell-wall ultra-structure. Mechanism of wood formation, normal variability and growth defect in wood. Wood structure: relation to physical and mechanical properties and uses of wood, wood-water relationship, density, porosity, fluid flow, and wood response to force systems. Natural durability and identification of principal commercial timber species.
This course is to give a clear picture of the economic environment within which forestry operates, to help the students in understanding the many economic relationship which exist in forestry. The course is aimed at introducing students to the concept and practices of forest economics. The course is to establish the economic basis for forestry and to furnish the students with tools and methods of financial analysis in coping with economic problems as they arise in natural resource management. The course is designed to expose students to the classification of forest goods and services as well as review of economics principles in relation to forest resources. The course will start by reviewing important principles of microeconomic theory applicable to forest/natural resources. After establishing this solid foundation of microeconomic view of forestry, we will focus on studying timber supply and demand models, financial analysis and economic impact analysis, timber/ecosystem valuation and multiple-criteria decision making tools to aid better decision making in natural resource management.
Chemical composition of wood: elemental and molecular. Structure of wood primary components: Cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin and wood extractives (classes and effect on wood and wood utilization). Determination of wood primary components. Physical and chemical reactions of wood. Wood chemical derivative: hydroxymethyl cellulose, acetate, xanthrate, and nitrate. Introduction to the chemistry of wood conversion to pulp and paper.
Definitions of wood based panel products. Importance of wood based-panel production. Sustainable production of wood based panel products. Wood-based panel manufacturing: plywood, particleboard and fibreboard (raw materials and manufacturing processes; properties and uses). Other variants: Plywood (blockboard, laminboard and battenboard); particleboard (cement-bonded particleboard); fibreboard (hardboard, softboard). Quality assurance and environmental impact of wood based panel products manufacturing.
Principles and effectiveness of plant quarantine; Quarantine regulations and the drawbacks; Pest/pathogen detection techniques; Methods of salvaging infested materials; Examination of pest/pathogen risks; principles of plant introduction and tree improvement; seed certification; utilisation of gene resources.
This course is to introduce the students to primary mechanical processing of logs into boards, different machine woodworking, sawmill layout/ management and pollution control measure. Students are expected to visit sawmill and other wood processing industries for proper understanding of wood processing.
The major pests and diseases of forest trees. Taxonomy, biology and method of control of these diseases of forest, major pests and disease of forest trees. Brief outline of shortcomings and advantages of different pest assessment and control methods.
Distribution, structure and dynamic of land and fresh water ecosystems with special reference to West Africa; the flow of energy and materials through natural ecosystems; the importance of conservation: environmental conservation and tree genetics. The forest ecosystem concept: energy dynamics at producer and consumer tropic levels. Photosynthetic efficiency of forest; nutrient cycling in forest ecosystem (geochemical and biological nutrient cycling). The tropical forest communities (vertical and horizontal structures). Classification of forest trees (families of trees) and their relationships to ecological zones; morphology, taxonomy and ecology of tropical trees. Variation and modifications of plant morphology and biodiversity indices. Plant collection and herbarium techniques
Principles of Forest Management (FWT 319) is a compulsory course designed for undergraduate students in the forestry and wood technology degree programme, to provide them opportunity to learn basic concepts and techniques related to making decisions in managing both natural and plantation forests to achieve variety of management objectives. Specific topics to be covered in this course include: Definition and importance of forest management; History of forest management in Nigeria; Introduction to the characteristics of forest ecosystem types â€“ Natural forest, plantation forests, even-aged forest, uneven-aged forests; Forest Management goals; Forest Management tools/techniques, to include application of linear programming as decision tools in forest management; Management alternatives to meet various forest objectives; Economic, social and environmental objectives; Forest management decision-making problems; Annual Allowable Cut, sustained yield and rotation age; Conflicts in forest management; Preparation of forest management plans and corresponding business reports.
Forest soils and forestry practices will be discussed, with emphasis on tropical soils. Attention will be given to forest soil development, forest land capability and the effects of management practices (harvesting, fertilization, and site preparation) on soil properties. Interrelationships among nutrients and carbon cycling and environmental concerns will be examined. This course will provide students with basic knowledge and skills in forest soil management. It will cover topics such as Physical properties of forest soil. Features of forest soils: soil physics, chemistry, or organism and water movement. Determination and maintenance of forest soil fertility with reference to tropical conditions. Value of forest as soil conservation agents. Mychorrhizae and their importance to forest trees
This course is a follow-up course to FWT 204 (Introduction to use of computers in natural resources). It will provide students with more knowledge of computer applications in Forestry and Wood Technology. The course will be a practical course where emphasis will be on skill acquisition. Hence, real-life situations will be used to give students hands-on training in computer usage. Our main focus will be on how we can use computer technologies to better manage forests in a sustainable manner. As forestry and wood technology are very broad in scope, it would not be possible to cover specific computer applications in all aspects. However, the very essential aspects will be covered with the hope that each student can use the skills acquired in the course as basis for extending the application to other areas. The objective of this course is to teach the students necessary skills to facilitate their use of computer in various aspects of Forestry and Wood Technology.
This course is an introductory course in remote sensing designed primarily for students in forestry and allied disciplines. The course introduces students to the basics of remote sensing, characteristics of remote sensors and remote sensing applications in forestry. It details the physical principle upon which a variety of photographic and non-photographic sensors operate and describes the existing satellite systems used for remote sensing. Topics to be covered include the basics of remote sensing, electromagnetic spectrum, optical remote sensing and Landsat multispectral remote sensing
This is the second course on forest measurements in the Department. It is a follow up to FWT 308 (Forest Mensuration) which is offered at 300 Level. Topics to be covered in FWT 401 include the basics of forest inventory; planning of forest inventory; inventory sampling design; sampling techniques in forestry inventory; field trip to conduct forest inventory of a selected forest area; camp set up and field crew organisation; forest measurement procedures; field data compilation; inventory data processing; and preparation of forest inventory reports.
Students are introduced to assessment of trees before felling and felling methods. Legal requirements before harvesting will be taught. Logging and transportation are integral part of the course. Students will be taught safety practices in felling, loading and off loading.
Overview of pulp and paper industry in Nigeria. Raw materials for pulp production. Waste paper recycling. Relationship between fibrous raw material and paper quality. Conversion of wood to mechanical and chemical pulps. Kraft, sulphite and semichemical pulping processes. Chemical recovery systems. Biopulping. Bleaching of mechanical and chemical pulps. Environmental issues associated with pulp production.
This course will primarily provide students with basic knowledge and skills in statistics as applied to various fields of agriculture. Several methods of data analysis will be treated using portable scientific calculator as well as the computer (for lab exercises). Depending on studentsâ€™ interest and time availability, some special topics with relevance to specific fields may also be treated. Topics to be covered include review of biometrical concepts in agriculture; planning of experiment; analysis of variance; transformation of data; experimental designs such as completely randomized design, Latin square, missing values, multiple comparisons, nested designs, factorial experiments, split-plot and split-split-plot designs; analysis of data from qualitative variables; application of correlation and regression analyses in agricultural experiments.
This course is an introduction into the principles of furniture design using ergonometric and anthropometry applications. The use of wood and other materials in furniture production will be studied. Students will be instructed in the use of design software in computer-aided design. Manual tools and machine processing of wood form an integral part of the course. As a practical course, the focus is to impart useful skills on the students in order to make themself-reliance.
This course is designed primarily for students in forestry and allied disciplines. Topics to be considered include: Agroforestry components and interactions. The traditonal agroforestry production systems; slash and burn/bush fallow system. Review of some modern agroforestry system such as taungya, alley cropping, improved fallow etc. Design and evaluation of agroforestry systems. Emphasis will be on the use of agroforestry as an option for addressing the land-use problems such as resource limitations, fragile soils, and multiple-component systems in the developing world, and environmental issues and societal concerns about land use in the industrialized world.
Geographic Information System (GIS) is a very powerful tool for handling geographically referenced spatial data. In many land-related disciplines, including forestry, GIS is widely used to produce maps as decision support tools. The aim of this course (FWT 421) is to give the student some basic education in GIS such that after finishing the course, the student will have both theoretical and practical knowledge about GIS, as well as hands-on experience in the use of simple GIS software. Topics to be covered include Concept of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and review of different application areas of GIS; hardware and software; raster and vector-based GIS systems; creating and editing spatial data; working on geospatial projects, adding and editing themes and attribute tables; querying data; creating land use and vegetation maps; map projections; image analysis and interpretation.
This course is designed to broaden studentsâ€™ knowledge about multiple land use, definition or meaning of the following basic concepts â€“ land, land unit, land use, land utilization types, land use requirements, land characteristics, land use limitation and land quality. Students are also expected to know the meaning of land evaluation,, Land use planning, established methods of land use planning, forest laws, land tenure, land use pattern and factors influencing land use pattern.
This course is designed for students to write discussion or review topics of critical importance in Forestry and Wood Technology. The students will be assigned to supervisors who will guide them on how to write seminar papers which the students will eventually present in a seminar.
This course is designed to broaden studentsâ€™ knowledge about forest policy, especially the general content of forest policy, the importance of forest policy, policy enactment and implementation process. Students are also expected to know law of procedure and evidence. They should be able to distinguish between criminal and civil forest offences and how to compound forest offences. Students should also have a good understanding of forest administration and the roles of forest administration in sustainable forest management. They should know the significance of lateral and vertical relationship in the organogram of forest organizations and the roles of organogram to the proper functioning of forestry organizations. They should also know the significance of delegation of authority
The course outline will include: Structural models of wood. The effect of orthotropic nature of wood on its physical and mechanical properties. Concept of stress and strain. Elastic constants of wood. Strength properties of wood: bending strength â€“ Modulus of Rupture (MOR) and Modulus of Elasticity (MOE), compression parallel and perpendicular to grain. Methods of determining strength properties of wood. Factors affecting strength properties of wood: specific gravity, moisture content and temperature. Allowable stresses in wood. Application of Harkinsonâ€™s formula in estimating strength of wood at an angle to the grain. Rheology of wood: creep and relaxation. Shear stress and strain. Duration of load. Fatigue.
The course outline will include: Wood as a constructional material. Factors influencing the selection of wood for structural purposes. Basic theory of structures including considerations of elastic and non-elastic deformation. General requirements for structural designs. Standard dimensions of structural timbers. Grade stresses, grouping of Nigeria timber species. Design of wooden beams, columns, trusses and timber superstructures (bridges, buildings and water front structures).
Application of engineering principles to forestry operations including nursery, reforestation, harvesting, road layout, log transportation and milling. Design, construction, drainage and maintenance of forest roads, bridges, dams and buildings. Construction equipment. Principle of transportation engineering.
This course utilizes the fundamental concepts of marketing and marketing management to obtain a broad overview of the global forest products industry. Marketing techniques are employed to segment the forest products industry based on product type to facilitate the analysis of this extremely diverse industry. The course begins with a survey of fundamental marketing concepts that are germane to any industry. The course then proceeds to examine how these concepts relate specifically to various segments within the forest products industry. A major emphasis of the course is placed on product management and the development of strategic marketing plans. In addition, case studies specific to the forest products industry will be discussed in the class in order to foster strategic thinking and enhance decision making capabilities among the students.
Introduction to paper manufacturing. Paper industry overview. Raw materials used for paper production. Fundamental steps in paper production. Stock preparation: beating/refining, consistency control, sizing and sizing agents. Effect of sizing agents on paper properties. Application of dyes â€“ coloured pigments, soluble dyes, acid, basic and direct dyes. Paper formation: head box, Fourdrinier wire section, felting at pre-dryer section, dryer section, calendar stack. Quality control. Physical and mechanical properties of paper; grammage, cobb size, tearing, bursting, folding endurance, abrasion resistance, scuff resistance, rigidity, stiffness, tensile and opacity of paper. Paper products: industrial paper, writing/printing paper, paper board, corrugated container and box board.
This course is intended to provide basic and applied information on the adhesive bonding of wood and on wood jointing using mechanical devices. In order to enhance the understanding of the more applied aspects of wood jointing the course will covers the fundamental of adhesion, general principles of glue joint design, the characteristics of the different types of materials used as adhesives and mechanical fasteners; chain analogy of adhesively bonded joint, load-slip characteristics of mechanically fastened joint, basic bonding process and the criteria for selecting adhesives for bonding
This course is to provide knowledge on principle of environmental impact assessment (EIA), definition; history and law related to EIA and tools for evaluate impact. Principles of EIA on physical, biological, human use and quality of life are focused. As a practical course, to meet the set objectives, we will engage in lectures, small group and large group discussion, field work in environmental testing, analyzing data, and writing an environmental impact assessment report. This will assist the students in understanding the theory and practical of environmental impact assessment, including approaches dealing with biophysical, cumulative, social and strategic impacts. Identify the steps in the EIA process and describe how EIA and forest management in Nigeria are linked.Topics to be covered include assessment methodology and mitigation measures, preparation and evaluation of EIA reports and case studies of selected forestry and forestry-related projects for assessment of their environmental impacts.
This course is designed to broaden studentsâ€™ knowledge about Social forestry and environmental forestry. Students are expected to know how social issues can be used to encourage people to plant trees for the betterment of their lives, especially the rural people who need to plant trees to meet their needs. They should know the socio-economic issues (including gender issues) that govern tree planting in the rural areas of Nigeria. These include customs and traditions of the people (including taboos),tenurial issues, economic status of the people e.t.c. and the roles of forestry in rural development. They should also know the various environmental benefits of the forest including erosion control, control of flooding, soil conservation, micro climate, desertification control e.t.c. as well as know about shelter belt establishment and land reclamation.
The purpose of this course is to equip students with strategies and methods for execution and communication of studies and investigations in forestry research. The course is to give the students the theoretical and practical skills to conduct, analyze and present written research tasks in Forestry and Wood Technology; and to give insight and understanding of research methodology. It provides fundamental understanding of different scientific research methods, techniques and scientific knowledge. It also enables students, irrespective of their research focus, in developing the most appropriate methodology for their research studies. Students will learn how to evaluate the elements of academic research, title, abstract, literature review, methodology, results and discussion of a research manuscript. Desirable and undesirable qualities of each element will be discussed.
Insitu management of forest resources is very important for sustainability. This course has to do with the various insitu methods of biodiversity conservation and approaches to forest resources management before independence and after. The course is therefore designed to educate students on the various phases involved in forest reservation in Nigeria dated back to the Colonia era and today. During this course, students are introduced to the various insitu conservation methods including the traditional and the organised ones and the management of forest reserves and paks for sustainability. Some of the topics to be covered will include the definition of forest reserve. History of forest reservation in Nigeria. Aims and objectives of forest reservation, methods of forest reservation. Problems of forest reservation. Concepts, principles and policies influencing the development of forest reserves with special reference to Nigeria. Biodiversity Assessment of forest reserves. Logging procedure in forest reserves and free areas. Establishment, management and working plan for forest reserves, plantations and parks. Development of National parks in Nigeria. Remote sensing and National parks management.
The course is designed to expose the students to some basic principles of extension education as it pertains to rural people so as to equip them with basic knowledge on how to disseminate ideas to people in an informal learning situation. Like what obtains in Agriculture, training of local people in some vital aspect of forestry and agroforestry that has the potential to impact positively in their lives is essential. Major components of the course will include meaning of forestry extension and rural sociology; importance of sociology to society; basic principles of extension education; communication process in forestry extension; adult learning methods; audio visual tools for extension activities.
This course is an advance studies in furniture design and production (FWT 415) with emphasis on finished wood products covering furniture; fabricated wood houses and other wood products. Students will be required to design a chosen product using design software, write a production brief and produce the item for assessment.
This course is an exploratory, first course in computer usage designed primarily for students in forestry and allied disciplines. However, it also meets the need of students in other fields, as a course that provides hands-on training in the use of computers for word processing, descriptive data analysis and preparation of slides for presentation. As a practical course, the focus is to impart useful skills on the students in order to enhance their computer literacy level and prepare them for other specialised applications to be encountered at higher levels. Topics to be covered include computer hardware components and their functions; operating systems with emphasis on Windows Operating System; file and disk management; Microsoft Office (Word, Excel and PowerPoint) and use of the Internet.
The course is designed to train students in Forestry and general agriculture the techniques of raising tree seedlings in the nursery, establishing the tree seedlings in the field and nurturing them into mature tree. The various aspect of the training includes nursery site selection and preparation; seed sowing techniques; nursery management; plantation site preparation; planting operations and techniques; care and management of planted trees.
This course will examine the concept of wood as hygroscopic material, essentials of wood drying and preservation in post-conversion process before use. Various methods of drying will be discussed; behaviour of wood in service due to moisture loss and defects will also be examined This course is an exploratory, first course in computer usage designed primarily for students in forestry and allied disciplines. However, it also meets the need of students in other fields, as a course that provides hands-on training in the use of computers for word processing, descriptive data analysis and preparation of slides for presentation. As a practical course, the focus is to impart useful skills on the students in order to enhance their computer literacy level and prepare them for other specialised applications to be encountered at higher levels. Topics to be covered include computer hardware components and their functions; operating systems with emphasis on Windows Operating System; file and disk management; Microsoft Office (Word, Excel and PowerPoint) and use of the Internet.
This course presents theories of efficient utilization of natural resources and discusses issues related to current practices of use of resources. It also discusses issues of sustainability and conservation. The course aims at imparting to the students a thorough understanding of economic reasoning and knowledge of how to apply economics as a tool for decision-making on the utilisation of forests resources in rural and urban environments. The course extensively uses graphical analyses and some mathematical models. It assigns a number of theoretical assignments and reading assignments and provides an option to the students to write a paper on a relevant natural resource issue.
This course is designed to expose students to the three major enemies against which forest should be protected â€“ Insects, Fungi and Fire. Hence the course is composed of three major sections vis: Forest Entomology, Forest Pathology (Mycology) and Forest Fire. The Forest Entomology component of Forest Protection includes consideration of the roles that insects play in forest landscapes. Both the positive and negative effects that insects have on management values are examined. The important pest species are examined in the context of their natural history, the type of damage they cause, and the ways and means used to manage their impact. Forest pathology is considered, with special reference to important forest diseases, e.g. butt and root rot, top killing, die back etc. Topics to be considered under fire include: combustion and the triangle; breaking the fire triangle; heat transfer; fire fighting methods and tools.
This course is designed to enable students carry out research on identified problem. The research study will be supervised by a lecturer in the Department. The students are expected to attend tutorials on research techniques and scientific writing to enable them have a good understanding of how to carry out research work. In addition students are required to prepare and present project proposal, execute the approved proposal and submit a project report to the Department. The report shall be defended during oral examination which shall be conducted in the presence of the External Examiner.
GNS 101 is English for Academic Purpose (EAP) course. The objective of this course is to equip students with skills that are necessary for learning and studying effectively in a university and communicating in English as a Second Language. Topics taught include: Time Management; Study Skills; Scientific Word Formation; Parts of Speech; Aspects of English grammar, Note-taking/Note-making.
This course is designed primarily for all students admitted into the Federal University of Technology, Akure. It provides a comprehensive knowledge and insight into engineering drawing as a basic tool of engineering. Topics to be covered include: Instruments for engineering drawing and their uses. Drawing Paper Sizes; Margins; and Title Blocks. Lettering and types of line. Geometrical construction: bisection of lines and angles and their applications. Polygon, tangency, locus of simple mechanisms. Pictorial drawing; Isometric, oblique and perspectives. Orthographic projection. Dimensioning and development of simple shapes. Assembly drawing of simple components. Conventional representation of common engineering features. Freehand sketching. Use of engineering drawing software of the department.
This course is one of the preparatory courses on basic manufacturing processes, an important aspect of Mechanical Engineering. It is a compulsory course taken by all 100 level students in the university. The course is practically oriented and designed to introduce students to Mechanical Engineering workshop practices, manufacturing processes and properties of engineering materials which will help them as they progress in their courses. The course will help the students to be conversant with the workshop hazard and to observe all safety practices and codes. It cuts across all sections and departments of Mechanical Engineering workshop. Topics to be covered include introduction to basic manufacturing processes, organisation of workshop, workshop hazard and safety practices and codes, properties of engineering materials, bench-work and fitting, introduction to turning exercises (straight and step turning chamfering, screw cutting), milling and milling exercise, drilling techniques and exercise, sheet metal work, welding and soldering technique with exercises. Others are properties of wood, wood work and joinery exercises, workshop measurements, refrigeration and airconditioning: principles of operation, refrigerants and trouble shooting, Methods of leak detection, charging and discharging, safety precautions.
Function of a Real Variable: Definition of Functions of Real variable, Types of function. Graph of a function of real variables: Graphical representation.Limits and continuity of functions of real variables: Idea of limits of functions of real variable, the rate of change of a function, differentiation from first principle, the concept of continuity of function of real variable, Limits and limit location.Techniques of differentiation:Differentiation of the sum and difference of functions, differentiation of a product of functions, differentiation of a quotient of functions second and higher derivatives, differentiation of a function of a function, differentiation of inverse functions, differentiation of implicit functions, differentiation from parametric equations. Application of differentiation: Applications to kinematics, the tangent and normal to a curve, the maximum and minimum of a function.Extreme curve sketching: Turning points of a curve,minimum and maximum values of a curve.Integration: Integration of a constant,methods of integration , integration of rational algebraic fractions, integration by substitution, integration by partial fractions, integration of trigonometric functions . Applications of integration: Application of geometry and mechanics, areas of plane shapes,volume of plane shapes.
Space and Time, frames of reference, Invariance of physical laws, relativity of simultaneity, relativity of time intervals, relativity of length, units and dimension; standards and units, unit consistency and conversions. Kinematics vectors and vector addition, components of vectors, unit vectors, products of vectors. Displacement, Time and average velocity, instantaneous velocity, average acceleration, motion with constant acceleration, freely falling bodies, position and velocity vectors, acceleration vector, projectile motion. Motion in a circle and relative velocity. Fundamental laws of mechanics: forces and interactions, Newtonâ€™s first law, Newtonâ€™s second law, mass and weight, Newtonâ€™s third law. Statics and dynamics: application of Newtonâ€™s laws, dynamics of particles, frictional forces, dynamics of circular motion. Galilean invariance, universal gravitation, gravitational potential energy, elastic potential energy, conservative and non-conservative forces. Work and energy, kinetic energy and the workenergy theorem, power, momentum and impulse, conservation of momentum, collisions and momentum conservation, elastic collisions, centre of mass. Rotational dynamics and angular momentum angular velocity and acceleration, energy in rotational motion, parallel axis theorem, torque, torque and rotation about a moving axis, simple harmonic motion and its applications. The simple pendulum, damped oscillations, forced oscillations and resonance.
This course is an exploratory course. It is designed to meet the need of the students in the basic knowledge of Physics especially in the area of the properties of matter which is an essential ingredient for the understanding of the principle of the movement of particles in materials. The course will meet the need of students in physical, chemical and biological sciences. It is also a relevant material for students in engineering and also finds useful applications in environmental science and technology.
This course is an exploratory practical course in physics. It is designed for students in Physics and allied disciplines. It is a course designed so as to provide hands-on training in the use of some laboratory equipments as well as in report writing. As a practical course, the focus is to impart useful skills on the students in order to enhance their knowledge in Physics. Students are made to perform some experiments in the laboratory. These experiments are taking from mechanics and properties of matter and Optics, which are the core aspects of the Physics courses taking by students at the first semester of their 100 Level. Here, six major experiments are to be set and demonstrated for students. They are: i).Measurements, ii) Determination of acceleration due to gravity using spiral spring method, iii) Determination of acceleration due to gravity using compound pendulum method, iv) Determination of moment of inertia of a rigid body, v) Determination of refractive index of glass using rectangular prism, vi) Determination of refractive index of glass using triangular prism.